The role of the jury in the english legal system a jury is a body of citizens sworn to give a true verdict according to the evidence presented in a court of law - the role of the jury in the english legal system introduction they are generally made up of people from diverse backgrounds. Notes on juries contents 1 history of the jury system the jury’s role in criminal cases the judge decides points of law and the jury decides the facts + open system of justice – the use of a jury is viewed as making the legal system more open justice is seen to be done as members of the public are involved in a key role and. This is for use in preparation for the aqa series of as exams in law although can be used for most exam boards for more information and more resources go to wwwthelawbankcouk category.
There are pros and cons to the english system of jury trials the original english system of jury trials dates back to king henry ii, who had twelve lawful and free men hear a case and issue a verdict these juries acted on previous knowledge that they had eventually, this system was replaced by one in which the jurors heard the case at the trial. The role of the jury in the english legal system a jury is a body of citizens sworn to give a true verdict according to the evidence presented in a court of law they are generally made up of people from diverse backgrounds.
Today the jury is considered a fundamental part of the english legal system, despite only a minority of cases actually being tried by jury the jury is composed of twelve unpaid lay members of the public, that is, ordinary people from society with no legal qualifications, who are randomly selected from the electoral role and called to court by means of summons. The jury is considered as fundamental part of the english legal system, albeit only a minority of the cases is tried by the jury in these days in a sense it plays a vital role in ensuring that the criminal justice system works for the benefit of the public rather than for the benefit of unjust leaders.
+ open system of justice – the use of a jury is viewed as making the legal system more open justice is seen to be done as members of the public are involved in a key role and the whole process is public. Even if juries were abolished, the layman continued to play an important role in the legal system throughout in norway the jury was reintroduced in 1887, and is solely used in criminal cases on the second tier of the three-tier norwegian court system (lagmannsretten. Analyse the role of the jury service within the criminal justice system in england and wales to what extent can a jury ignore the law which is their role and function within the legal system the function of the jury is to decide on matters of fact the english legal system, alisdair gillespie, 2nd edition, oxford 3 the politics of.
Role of the jury service analyse the role of the jury service within the criminal justice system in england and wales to what extent can a jury ignore the law democracy is one of the keywords around the united kingdom it can be termed as an institution and has many arms, one of which is the jury. The role of the jury in the 12th century henry ii took a major step to developing the jury system by setting up a system to resolve land disputes using juries twelve unpaid men were given the responsibility of uncovering the facts of a certain case on their own, rather than by listening to arguments from both the prosecution and defence. However, a jury is not required in every legal case there will be a jury in some civil cases such as defamation and assault cases however, for the majority of civil cases such as personal injuries actions and family law cases, there is no jury - it is the judge who decides the outcome the jury consists of 12 members of the public who sit in a box to one side of the judge.
- a short video looking at the process and role of the jury system in england and wales this is for use in preparation for the a. The role of the jury in the english legal system remains a controversial part of the judicial system complications have arisen by issues of jury selection costs and longevity of each trials and the experience and intellect of jury members summoned to partake as a jury member. Jury plays a vital role in the criminal justice system in england and wales and many other countries in the world but the constitutional position of the english jury is vulnerable because of the unwritten constitution in england, because of unwritten constitution, the right to trial by jury is not contained in the constitution.